Slip, Trip and Fall

Slip, trip and fall incidents occur unexpectedly and may result in serious injury, including fatality. Determining the specific cause of the incident is of particular importance to property owners, insurers and the injured individual.

BME’s forensic engineers have investigated hundreds of incidents involving the injury of an individual due to either a slip, trip or fall.┬áMany factors need to be considered when investigating such incidents including, but not limited to:

Property information:

  • building information including building code, permit and other requirments
  • scene and surface conditions including geometry and surface friction
  • lighting conditions
  • hazard and warning signs
  • history of previous injury incidents (if available)
  • property risk management procedures and policies ( if available)

Personal details:

  • clothing
  • footwear
  • accessories such as bags or other carried items
  • eyewear
  • predominant hand (left or right)
  • predominant foot (left or right
  • pre-incident kinematics
  • history of pre-incident injuries

Incident details:

  • type of incident – a slip, trip or fall
  • kinematic description of each stage of the incident
  • body position and orientation at rest
  • injury details including photographs and medical records
  • first responder witness statements
  • other witness statements
  • emergency service provider reports


D. Harvey West P.Eng.
Jonathan P. Gough P.Eng.